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A-1 Marine Liquefied Petroleum LPG Systems

Purpose: This standard is a guide for the design, construction, installation, and maintenance of liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) systems on boats.

Scope: This standard applies to liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) systems used for cooking, heating, air conditioning, and refrigeration on all boats up to the point of interface with the appliance. These standards do not apply to liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) systems used for internal combustion engines on boats.

NOTES:
  1. The U.S. Coast Guard has promulgated regulations set for LPG systems on inspected vessels (e.g. small passenger vessels). See 46 CFR, Chapter I, Sub-chapter T, Sub-part B, Section 184.240.
  2. Requirements for marine compressed natural gas (CNG) systems are covered by ABYC A-22 Marine Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Systems.
  3. Requirements for marine liquefied petroleum (LPG) fueled galley stoves are covered by ABYC A-3 Galley Stoves.
  4. Requirements for LPG appliances, other than galley stoves, are covered by ABYC A-26 LPG and CNG Fueled Appliances.
  5. Requirements for cooking appliances with integral LPG cylinders are covered by ABYC A-30 Cooking Appliances with Integral LPG Cylinders.

Current Version: (2013)
Archived Standards: (2006) (2000) (1993) (1990) (1978) (1968) 1967, 1965

A-3 Galley Stoves

Purpose: These standards are guides for the design, construction, installation, and maintenance of galley stoves.

Scope: These standards apply to permanently installed galley stoves designed for cooking in accommodation spaces in boats.

EXCEPTION: Stoves covered by ABYC A-30, Cooking Appliances with Integral LPG Cylinders.

NOTES:
  1. LPG systems are covered by ABYC A-1, Marine Liquefied Petroleum Gas (LPG) Systems.
  2. CNG systems are covered by ABYC A-22, Marine Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Systems.
Current Version: (2013)
Archived Standards: (2007) (2000) (1993) (1970) (1965 Adopted)(1962) (1961) (1959) (1958) (1957) (1955)

A-4 Fire Fighting Equipment

Purpose: This standard is a guide for the design, construction, and installation of portable handheld fire extinguishers and fixed fire extinguishing systems on boats.

Scope:
  1. This standard applies to boats equipped with engine(s), an electrical system, heat producing devices such as galley stoves and cabin heaters, or any other source of combustion.

  2. NOTE: The U.S. Coast Guard (USCG) has promulgated mandatory requirements for fire extinguishing equipment in Title 46 CFR Chapter I Subchapter C Part 25 Subpart 25.30. Refer to the CFR for complete, current federal requirements.

    EXCEPTION: The following vessels, being subject to special federal regulations, are excepted from consideration by this standard:
    1. vessels carrying flammable or other combustible liquid cargo in bulk as defined by Title 46 CFR Part 30, and
    2. vessels carrying more than six passengers for hire, subject to Title 46 CFR.

  3. The scope of this standard includes portable and fixed fire extinguishing systems utilizing an extinguishing agent such as halocarbon, halon, carbon dioxide (CO2), or dry chemical, or any extinguishing agent that is approved by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency’s Significant New Alternatives Program (SNAP). An extinguishing agent shall be deemed approved upon its being published in the most current SNAP list in the Federal Register.
Current Version: (2008)
Archived Standards: (2002) (2000)(1994)(1993) (1992) (1985) (1970) (1968)(1966)(1961 Adopted)

A-6 Refrigeration and Air Conditioning Equipment

Purpose: These standards are guides for the design, construction, and installation of refrigeration and air conditioning systems on boats.

Scope: These standards apply to systems utilizing mechanical gas compression for comfort cooling, heating, dehumidification and refrigerated food storage on boats.

EXCEPTION: LPG fueled refrigeration and air conditioning equipment. See ABYC A-26, LPG and CNG Fueled Appliances

Current Version: (2013)
Archived Standards: (1999) (1992) (1970) 1966

A-7 Liquid and Solid Fueled Boat Heating Systems

Purpose: These standards and recommended practices are guides for the design, construction, and installation of permanently installed boat accommodation space heating units and systems.

Scope: These standards and recommended practices apply to permanently installed boat accommodation space heating units and systems using only liquid or solid fuels.

EXCEPTION: Heating appliances and systems fueled by liquefied petroleum gas (LPG), compressed natural gas (CNG), and heating systems that produce steam in a boiler are not covered by this standard.

NOTE: For requirements relating to LPG and CNG fuel systems, refer to ABYC A-1, Marine Liquefied Petroleum Gas (LPG) Systems, ABYC A-22, Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Systems. ABYC A-26, LPG and CNG Fueled Appliances, contains requirements for all gaseous fueled appliances, including those used for comfort heating.


Current Version: (2006)
Archived Standards: (2000) (1970) (1967) (1965 Adopted) (1964)

A-14 Gasoline and Propane Gas Detection Systems

Purpose: These standards are guides for the design, construction, and installation of gasoline and propane gas detection and indicating equipment on boats.

Scope: This standard applies to gasoline and propane gas detection systems when installed on boats.

Current Version: (2007)
Archived Standards: (1997) (1973) (1970)

A-16 Electric Navigation Lights

Purpose: This standard is a guide for the design, construction, performance, and installation of electric navigation lights.

NOTES:
  1. The United States Coast Guard has promulgated mandatory requirements for navigation lights in its Navigation Rules: International - Inland. Refer to these Rules for complete, current federal requirements. The USCG publication also contains the International Regulations for Prevention of Collisions at Sea, 1972 (72 COLREGS). The subsequent amendments to the 72 COLREGS are also contained in this publication.

  2. The United States Coast Guard has promulgated mandatory requirements for the certification of navigation lights for uninspected commercial vessels and recreational vessels. This regulation requires third party certification of navigation lights installed on vessels constructed on or after November 1, 2003. See 33 CFR Parts 84 and 183, and 46 CFR Part 25.

  3. Inland waters are defined in 33 CFR parts 84 through 90
Scope: This standard applies to the electric navigation lighting installed on vessels under 20 meters (65 ft.) in length.

Current Version: (2011)
Archived Standards: (2005) (1997) (1989) (1983) (1980) (1972)

A-22 Marine Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Systems

PURPOSE This standard is a guide for the design, manufacture, installation, and maintenance of compressed natural gas (CNG) systems on boats. SCOPE This standard applies to compressed natural gas (CNG) systems used on boats, up to the point of connection with the CNG appliance.

NOTES:
  1. The U.S. Coast Guard regulations prohibit the use of compressed natural gas (CNG) on certain vessels and set different standards for small passenger vessels.
  2. ABYC A-1, Marine Liquefied Petroleum Gas (LPG) Systems, covers requirements for liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) systems for boats.
  3. ABYC A-3, Galley Stoves, covers requirements for CNG galley stoves.
  4. ABYC A-26, LPG and CNG Fueled Appliances, covers requirements for CNG and LPG fueled appliances other than galley stoves.
Current Version: (2012)
Archived Standards: (2006) (1993) (1978)

A-23 Sound Signal Appliances

Purpose: This standard is a guide for the design, construction, performance, and installation of sound signal appliances for vessels operating in international waters and vessels operating in inland waters.

NOTE: The 72 COLREGS and the United States Coast Guard, in its Navigation Rules, International and Inland, contain statutory requirements for sound signal appliances on boats operating in international and inland waters.

Scope: This standard applies to all sound signal appliances for use on vessels of less than 20 meters (65ft.) in length,
regardless of the mode of operation or power source of the appliance.

NOTE: It is recommended that vessels 20 meters (65ft.) in length to less than 75 meters (246ft.) in length carry the sound signal appliances required by 72 COLREGS for vessels of that size. The United States recognizes that all vessels complying with the equipment requirements of the International Rules are considered to be in compliance with the Inland Rules. The reverse may not be true.

Current Version: (2004)
Archived Standards: (1990) (1985)

A-24 Carbon Monoxide Detection Systems

Purpose: These standards are guides for the design, construction, installation, and maintenance of carbon monoxide detection systems on boats.

Scope: These standards apply to carbon monoxide detection systems on boats.

Current Version: (2007)
Archived Versions: (2002) (1997) (1991)

A-26 LPG and CNG Fueled Appliances

Purpose: This standard is a guide for the design, construction, installation, and maintenance of LPG and CNG fueled appliances.

Scope: This standard applies to permanently installed LPG and CNG fueled appliances intended for use in enclosed compartments on boats.

EXCEPTIONS:
  1. Stoves covered by ABYC A-3, Galley Stoves.
  2. Stoves covered by ABYC A-30, Cooking Appliances With Integral LPG Cylinders.


Current Version: (2012)
Archived Standards: (2006) (1999)

A-27 Alternating Current (AC) Generator Sets

Purpose:
This standard is a guide for the design, construction, and installation of alternating current (AC) generator sets on boats.

Scope:
This standard applies to alternating current generator sets intended for installation and operation on boats.

Current Version: (2004)
Archived Standards: (2000) (1997)

A-28 Galvanic Isolators

Purpose:
This is a performance based standard and guide for the qualification and installation of galvanic isolators, and their status monitors, if applicable, in alternating current (AC) electrical systems on boats.

NOTE: Boats with metal in contact with water are subject to galvanic corrosion when connected to shore power as a result of connection to the common AC grounding conductor. This connection will affect the vessel's cathodic protection system. The use of a galvanic isolator may reduce these effects.

Scope:
This standard applies to galvanic isolators and their status monitors used on boats equipped with alternating current (AC) shore power systems operating at frequencies of 50 or 60 hertz, and less than 300 volts, wired in accordance with ABYC E-11, AC & DC Electrical Systems on Boats.

Current Version: (2008)
Archived Standards: (2004) (2001) (1998) (1997) 2003

A-30 Cooking Appliances With Integral LPG Cylinders

Purpose:
This standard is a guide for the design, construction, installation, and maintenance of cooking appliances with integral LPG cylinders.

Scope:
This standard applies to all appliances with integral LPG cylinders of not more than 16 ounces (454 grams) designed for cooking outside the boat interior and appliances with integral LPG cylinders of not more than eight ounces (227 grams) designed for cooking and storage in the accommodation spaces.

NOTE: Installations with a capacity greater than 16 ounces (454 grams) are covered by ABYC A-1, Marine Liquefied Petroleum Gas (LPG) Systems; A-22, Marine Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Systems; and A-3, Galley Stoves.

Current Version: (2013)
Archive Standards: (2006) (2001) (1993)

A-31 Battery Chargers And Inverters

Purpose:
This standard is a guide for the design, construction, and installation of permanently installed marine alternating current (AC) battery chargers, power inverters and inverter/chargers.

Scope:
This standard applies to: permanently installed marine battery chargers powered by less than 300 volts AC providing current at a potential of 50 volts DC or less and permanently installed DC to AC marine inverters supplying less than 300 volts AC at a frequency of 50 or 60 Hertz and permanently installed inverter/chargers supplying less than 300 volts AC at a frequency of 50 or 60 Hertz.

NOTE: This standard does not apply to devices intended to supply DC loads without a battery.

Current Version: (2013)
Archive Standards: (2005)

A-32 Power Conversion

Purpose:
This standard is a guide for the design, construction and installation of electrical and electronic power conversion, control equipment and systems.

Scope:
This document applies to electrical and electronic power conversion and control equipment in the AC shore power feed:
  1. Operating at 600 volts or less, and
  2. to on board distribution systems operating at 300 volts or less; single or three-phase, installed between the shore power inlet and the distribution panel, between shore power and on-board AC power sources, and between multiple on-board AC power sources for the purposes of:
    • Power conditioning and conversion
    • Seamless transfer between sources
    • Parallel operation of sources

Current Version: 2012

A-33 Emergency Engine/Propulsion Cut-Off Devices

Purpose:
This standard is a guide for the design, construction, installation and performance of a system used to disable the propulsion engine when the operator is unexpectedly displaced from the boat.

NOTE: A system may include protection for passengers.

Scope:
This standard applies to all mechanically powered boats equipped with a system that disables propulsion when the operator is unexpectedly displaced from the boat.

NOTE: These methods are not intended to offer instantaneous protection if the occupant/operator falls into the path of the boat.

Current Version: (2009)

C-1 Primer Bulbs

Purpose:
This standard is a guide for the design, choice of materials for, construction, installation, and replacement of primer bulbs installed in gasoline fuel systems.

Scope:
This standard applies to the primer bulb and primer bulb assemblies consisting of the primer bulb, the connecting hose lengths and the fittings necessary to connect the fuel tank to the engine on outboard engine installations.

Current Version: (2013)

C-2 Carbon Canisters

Purpose:
This standard is a guide for the design, manufacture, testing, and application of carbon canisters as a device to reduce evaporative hydrocarbon emissions in a marine gasoline fuel system caused by the diurnal cycle.

Scope:
This standard applies to carbon canister devices installed for the purpose of reducing hydrocarbon emissions.

Current Version: (2013)

E-2 Cathodic Protection

Purpose:
This standard is a guide for the design, installation, and use of cathodic protection systems on boats.

Scope:
This standard applies to the use of galvanic anodes and impressed current systems installed on boats.

Current Version: (2013)
Archived Standards: (2008) (2001) (1996) (1981) 1973, 1971, 1965, 1959, 1958, 1957, 1955

E-10 Storage Batteries

Purpose:
These standards and recommended practices are guides for the selection, location, installation, and wiring of storage batteries.

NOTE: The United States Coast Guard has promulgated mandatory requirements for batteries in 33 CFR, Subpart I, Sections CFR 183.420 (a), (b), (c), (d), (e), (f), and (g). Refer to the CFR for complete, current federal requirements.

Scope:
These standards and recommended practices apply to storage batteries used in direct current (DC) electrical systems on boats that operate at potentials of nominal fifty (50) volts or less.

Current Version: (2011)
Archive Standards: (2006) (1996) (1989) (1975) (1974) 1968, 1970

E-11 AC & DC Electrical Systems On Boats

Purpose:
These standards are guides for the design, construction, and installation of alternating current (AC) electrical systems on boats and of direct current (DC) electrical systems on boats.

NOTES:
  1. The United States Coast Guard has promulgated mandatory requirements for electrical systems in Title 33, CFR 183 Subpart I. Refer to the CFR for current federal requirements.
  2. ABYC Technical Information Report TE-30, Electrical Propulsion Systems, outlines information for voltages over 300V AC and 50V DC for the purposes of electric/hybrid propulsion.
Scope:
These standards apply:
  1. to alternating current (AC) electrical systems on boats operating at frequencies of 50 or 60 hertz and less than 300 volts, including shore powered systems up to the point of connection to the shore outlet and including the shore power cable and,
  2. to direct current (DC) electrical systems on boats operating at nominal 50 volts or less.
EXCEPTIONS:
  1. Any conductor that is part of an outboard engine assembly and does not extend beyond the outboard engine manufacturer’s supplied cowling.
  2. Engine manufacturer supplied engine management systems and their associated conductors up to and including 20 AWG.
Current Version: (2012, RFI)
Archive Standards: (2009) (2008) (2003)

Note: ABYC E-11, AC & DC Electrical Systems is a result of combining standards E-8, Alternating Current (AC) Electrical Systems on Boats, and E-9, Direct Current (DC) Electrical Systems on Boats.

E-8, Alternating Current (AC) Electrical Systems on Boats: (2001) (1999) (1994) (1985) (1977) (1974)
E-9, Direct Current (DC) Electrical Systems on Boats: (1998) (1990) (1981) (1975)

H-1 Field of Vision From The Helm Position

Purpose:
This standard is a guide to minimize obstructions in the field of vision from the helm station(s).

NOTES:
  1. In order for this standard to be effective the boat must be operated in a reasonable and prudent manner.
  2. Boats can be operated in a manner and at certain speeds causing trim and/or roll angles such that vision is obscured. A boat operator may experience some loss of vision from the helm position while operating at high trim angles during the transition between displacement and planning mode.
  3. This standard does not relieve the operator of the requirement to comply with the USCG Navigation Rules.
  4. Movable items such as persons, gear, and convertible tops are considered under the control of the boat operator and therefore are not obstructions to visibility for the purpose of this standard.
Scope:
This standard applies to all boats powered by machinery.

EXCEPTION: Sailboats.

Current Version: (2012)
Archive Standards: (2010) (2006) (2000) 1988, 1985, 1974, 1970, 1965 (Adopted)

H-2 Ventilation of Boats Using Gasoline

Purpose:
This standard is a guide for the design, construction, and installation of both powered and natural ventilation systems for engine and fuel tank compartments of boats for the purpose of expelling or diluting potentially explosive gasoline vapor from a boat’s interior.

NOTES:
  1. The United States Coast Guard has promulgated mandatory requirements for ventilation in 33 CFR, Subpart K, Sections 183.601 - 183.630. Refer to the CFR for complete, current federal requirements.
  2. Ventilation Principle - Ventilation cannot be relied upon to remove all flammable vapors emanating from the presence of liquid fuel resulting from fuel system failures or fuel spillage. See ABYC H-24, Gasoline Fuel Systems. Boat ventilation cannot create a safe condition when liquid gasoline is exposed to the atmosphere because the liquid will continue to create vapors as long as liquid is present.
  3. Gasoline engine exhaust can form an atmosphere laden with carbon monoxide gas, both inside the engine space, and outside the engine space, in the cockpit, or outside the boat where it may enter the boat through openings required for ventilation, or other means. While total control of the diffusion of gasses in the atmosphere is not possible, some requirements listed in this standard are intended to minimize intrusion of toxic gas into accommodation compartments.
Scope:
This standard applies to boats using gasoline for electrical generation, mechanical power or propulsion, including outboard powered boats.

NOTES:
  1. Ventilation guidelines for boats using diesel fuel are contained in ABYC H-32, Ventilation of Boats Using Diesel Fuel.
  2. Ventilation cannot be relied upon to remove all carbon monoxide that may be produced from the operation of the vessel or its equipment. See ABYC TH-22, Educational Information About Carbon Monoxide, and ABYC TH-23 Design, Construction And Testing of Boats In Consideration of Carbon Monoxide, for further information.
  3. Heat Dissipation - The ventilation system described in this standard is sufficient to provide for the requirements for ventilation of gasoline vapors from the engine space. However, the standard may not provide sufficient ventilation for heat dissipation.
Current Version: (2013)
Archive Standards: (2008) (2000) (1997) (1981) 1972, 1970, 1965, 1959 (Approved), 1958, 1957

H-3 Exterior Windows, Windshlds, Hatches, Doors, Port Lights, & Glazing

Purpose:
This standard is a guide for the design, construction and installation of exterior windows, windshields, hatches, port lights, doors and all glazing materials on boats.

Scope:
This standard applies to all boats.

EXCEPTIONS:
  1. Means of exit installed in the hull sides of multi-hull boats.
  2. Openings located below a reference line determined by LOA/17 measured from the static floating position (waterline).
  3. Installations subject to continuous immersion.
Current Version: (2008)
Archived Standards: (2005) (1994) 1988, 1970

Note:
H-13, Glazing Materials for Boats, and H-3 Exterior Hatches, Doors and Port Lights was combined with H-3 beginning with the 2005 edition.

H-13: 1994, 1987, 1974

H-4 Cockpit Drainage Systems

Purpose:
This standard is a guide for the definition, design, and construction of cockpit drainage systems.

Scope:
This standard applies to all boats with cockpits.

Current Version: (2008)
Archive Standards: (1999) (1995) (1994) (1972) 1970, 1965 (Adpoted)

H-5 Boat Load Capacity

Purpose:
This standard is a guide for determining the maximum weight and persons capacity of boats.

SCOPE:
This standard applies to all boats less than 26 feet (7.9 m) in length (LOA), including catamarans.

EXCEPTIONS:
  1. Personal watercraft
  2. Canoes and kayaks. (See ABYC H-29, Canoes and Kayaks)
  3. Inflatable boats. (See ABYC H-28, Inflatable Boats)
  4. Pontoon boats. (See ABYC H-35, Powering and Load Capacity of Pontoon Boats)
Current Version: (2012)
Archive Standards: (2004) (2002) (1998) (1996) (1983) (1981) (1974) (1973) 1965, 1964, 1963

H-8 Buoyancy In The Event Of Swamping

Purpose:
This standard is a guide for determining the flotation and placement required to keep boats afloat when flooded/swamped and where indicated, floating in an approximately level attitude when flooded/swamped.

SCOPE:
This standard applies to boats less than 20 feet (6.1 m) in length, including catamarans.

EXCEPTIONS:
  1. canoes and kayaks (see ABYC H-29, Canoes and Kayaks.)
  2. inflatable boats (see ABYC H-28, Inflatable Boats.)
  3. submersibles
  4. surface effect vessels
  5. amphibious vessels
  6. raceboats (see American Powerboat Association Rules.)
  7. pontoon boats (see ABYC H-35, Powering and Load Capacity of Pontoon Boats.)
  8. sailboats
  9. personal watercraft as covered by SAE J1973, Personal Watercraft-Flotation
NOTES:
  1. ABYC H-37, Jet Boats-Light Weight, contains specific requirements, including that they meet the level flotation requirements of H-8.
  2. Federal Regulations - Title 33 CFR Part 183 Subparts F, G, and H requires flotation for monohull boats less than 20 feet in length except for sailboats, canoes and kayaks, inflatable boats, submersibles, surface effect vessels, amphibious vessels, and raceboats.
  3. Calculations and Testing of Boats: This standard contains specific test procedures which can be utilized to determine if a boat complies with the regulations specified in 33 CFR 183 Subparts F, G, and H. This standard also contains calculations to assist a manufacturer in estimating the amount of flotation material which is required to comply with the CFR test requirements. Equipping a boat with flotation according to the calculations sections of this standard is not to be considered proof of compliance with the applicable flotation requirements of the CFR. While a manufacturer is not specifically required by the CFR to test a boat to determine compliance, it is the responsibility of the boat manufacturer to ensure that boats meet the applicable CFR requirements and that, if tested, they pass the applicable tests in the CFR.
Current Version:
(2012)
Archive Standards:
(2004) (1999) (1987) (1980) (1973)

H-22 Electric Bilge Pump Systems

Purpose:
These standards are guides for the design, construction, installation, operation, and control of electric bilge pump systems.

SCOPE:
These standards apply to all boats equipped with electric bilge pump systems intended for control of spray, rain water, and normal accumulation of water due to seepage and spillage.

EXCEPTIONS:
  1. Pumps intended for damage control.
  2. Damage control systems.
Current Version:
(2011)
Archive Standards:
(2005) (1998) (1986) (1977) (1974)

H-23 Installation of Potable Water Systems

Purpose:
This standard establishes a guide for the design, construction, and installation of potable water supply systems on boats.

SCOPE:
This standard applies to all boats equipped with potable water supply systems.

Current Version: (2008)
Archive Standard: (1996) (1983) (1974) (1970)

H-24 Gasoline Fuel Systems

Purpose:
This standard is a guide for the design, choice of materials for, construction, installation, repair, and maintenance of permanently installed gasoline fuel systems.

NOTES:
  1. Portable Gasoline fuel systems are covered by HUABYC H-25, Portable Gasoline Fuel Systems.
  2. The United States Coast Guard has promulgated mandatory requirements for gasoline fuel systems in 33 CFR, Subpart J, Sections 183.501 - 183.590. Refer to the CFR for complete, current federal requirements.
  3. The Environmental Protection Agency has promulgated regulations regarding the evaporative and diurnal emissions for gasoline spark ignition marine engines and fuel systems in 40 CFR Chapter 1060. Refer to the CFR for complete, current federal requirements.
SCOPE:
This standard applies to all parts of permanently installed gasoline fuel systems from the fuel fill opening to the point of connection to the propulsion engine and/or to any auxiliary equipment on all boats with gasoline engines, excluding onboard refueling systems.

Current Version: (2012)
Archive Standards: (2010) (2009) (2007) (2005) (1996) (1993) (1989) (1984) (1975) (1973)

H-25 Portable Gasoline Fuel Systems

Purpose:
This standard is a guide for the design, construction and stowage of portable tanks with related fuel lines and accessories comprising a portable gasoline fuel system for boats.

Scope:
This standard applies to portable gasoline fuel systems of 12 gallons (45.4 L) or less.

NOTES:
  1. For ventilation requirements see ABYC H-2 Ventilation of Boats Using Gasoline
  2. If a value for measurement is followed by a value in other units in parentheses, the second value may be only approximate. The first stated value is the requirement.
Current Version:
(2013 Reaffirmed)
Archived Standards: (2010) (2003) (1994) (1986) (1981) (1976) (1972)

H-26 Powering of Boats

PURPOSE:
This standard is a guide for determining the maximum power for propulsion of outboard boats, evaluating the suitability of power installed in inboard boats, and determining maneuvering speed.

NOTE: The maximum power determined by using this standard may have an effect on the integrity of the boat structure during use and trailering.

SCOPE:
This standard applies to boats propelled by machinery including catamarans.

EXCEPTIONS:
  1. Inflatable Boats (see ABYC H-28, Inflatable Boats);
  2. Canoes and Kayaks (see ABYC H-29, Canoes and Kayaks);
  3. Pontoon Boats (see ABYC H-35, Powering and Load Capacity of Pontoon Boats)
Current Version: (2011)
Archive Standards: (2006) (1996) (1989) (1983) (1972)

H-27 Seacocks, Thru-hull Fittings, and Drain Plugs

PURPOSE:
This standard is a guide for the selection of materials, design, construction, and installation of seacocks, thru-hull fittings, drain plugs, and other fittings that penetrate the hull at or below the maximum-heeled waterline.

SCOPE:
This standard applies to all boats.

Current Version: (2008, RFI)
Archive Standards: (1997) (1988) (1972)

H-28 Inflatable Boats

PURPOSE:
This standard is a guide for the design, construction, material and testing of inflatable boats, including RIBS.

SCOPE:
This standard applies to all inflatable boats, including RIBS less than eight meters (26 feet) length overall capable of being mechanically powered.

EXCEPTIONS:
  1. Liferafts
  2. River excursion rafts
  3. Inflatables powered exclusively by manual or sailing means.
Current Version: (2010/12, RFI) Archive Standards: (2004) (2003) 2001 (1976) (1973)

H-29 Canoes and Kayaks

PURPOSE
This standard is a guide for determining capacities, flotation, powering, design, construction and labeling of canoes and kayaks.

SCOPE
This standard applies to all boats identified as canoes or kayaks, including inflatable canoes or kayaks.

EXCEPTION:
Canoes or kayaks intended solely for competition.


Current Version: (2012)
Archive Standards: (2007) (1996) (1986) (1978)

H-30 Hydraulic Systems

PURPOSE:
This standard is a guide for the design, construction, installation, operation, and control of hydraulic components used to transmit force.

SCOPE:
This standard applies to all boats equipped with hydraulic systems.

EXCEPTIONS: Hydraulic systems for outboard engines or sterndrive trim and tilt, and manual hydraulic steering systems.

Current Version: (2011)
Archive Standards: (2001) (1995) (1983) (1978)

H-31 Seat Structures

PURPOSE:
This standard is a guide for the design, testing, construction and installation of permanently installed seating systems in boats.

NOTE: The tests proposed in this standard may not be appropriate for some types of seating such as bolsters, side mounted folding "helmsman seats”, etc. SCOPE:
This standard applies to permanently installed seats in cockpits, deck areas, and all helm position(s), including their fastenings and structure to which they are attached.

EXCEPTIONS:
  1. Canoes, kayaks, sailboats, race boats, and boats rated for less than 10 horsepower (7.4 kW) or for manual propulsion.
  2. Seats that are integral with the boat structure.
  3. Portable seats.
NOTE: This standard does not cover any other equipment (e.g., ski pylons, tables, etc.) that can be placed in a seat socket. This standard does not address ergonomics, or arrangements of seating. This standard does not cover possible misuse of the seat, such as sitting on seatbacks or armrests, because such practices are unsafe and illegal in many states.

Current Version: (2011)
Archive Standards: (2007) (2005) (1994)

H-32 Ventilation of Boats Using Diesel Fuel

PURPOSE:
This standard is a guide for the design, construction, and installation of ventilation systems of boats using diesel fuel, for the purpose of removal of fixed gaseous fire extinguishing system discharge, and/or combustion air, and/or any incidental additional uses.

SCOPE:
This standard applies to boats using diesel fuel for electrical generation, mechanical power, or propulsion.

NOTE: The United States Coast Guard’s mandatory requirements for ventilation for boats with gasoline engines for propulsion or auxiliary machinery are found in 33 CFR, Subpart K, Sections CFR 183.601-183.630.
Refer to the CFR for complete, current federal requirements. Additionally, see ABYC H-2, Ventilation of Boats Using Gasoline.


Current Version: (2013 Reaffirmed)
Archive Standards: (2008) (2004) (1998) (1989) (1987) (1981)

H-33 Diesel Fuel Systems

PURPOSE:
These standards are guides for the design, choice of materials, construction, installation, repair, and maintenance of permanently installed diesel fuel systems.

SCOPE:
These standards apply to all parts of permanently installed diesel fuel systems from the fuel fill opening to the point of connection to the propulsion engine and/or to any auxiliary equipment on all boats with diesel engines.

Current Version: (2009 ANS)
Archive Standards: (2005) (1998) (1989) (1984)

Note:This standard for diesel fuel systems was initially a part of P-2, Safe Installation of Fuel Systems for Propulsion and Auxiliary Machinery. First printed in 1967 as a proposed standard, the project included both gasoline and diesel fuel systems on boats. In 1970, P-2 was published as an adopted standard. Subsequently, the standard was renamed H-24, Fuel Systems (all permanently installed), and was published in 1975. In 1984, the standard split fuel systems into gasoline and diesel, and H-33, now titled Diesel Fuel Systems was published in 1984. Subsequent editions were published in 1989,1998, and 2005. The 2009 edition is the work of the Fuel and Ventilation Systems PTC.

H-35 Powering and Load Capacity of Pontoon Boats

PURPOSE:
This standard is a guide for determining powering and load capacity of pontoon boats.

SCOPE:
This standard applies to all pontoon boats powered by machinery.

EXCEPTION: Boats containing Enclosed Accommodation Compartments.

Current Version: (2011 ANS)
Archive Standards: (2005) (2003) (1999) (1989)

H-37 Jet Boats - Light Weight

PURPOSE:
This standard is a guide for the design, construction, and maintenance of inboard water jet propelled boats.

SCOPE:
This standard applies to inboard water jet propelled boats less than 20 feet (6 meters) in length with a boat weight less than 3000 lbs. (1360.8 kg).

EXCEPTIONS:
  1. Personal watercraft
  2. Inflatable boats and Rigid Hull Inflatable Boats covered under ABYC H-28, Inflatable Boats.
NOTE:
  1. The United States Coast Guard has promulgated mandatory requirements for electrical, fuel and ventilation systems in 33 CFR, Subpart I, Subpart J, and Subpart K. Refer to the CFR for complete, current federal requirements.
  2. The Environmental Protection Agency has promulgated regulations regarding the evaporative and diurnal emissions for gasoline spark ignition marine engines and fuel systems in 40 CFR chapter 1060. Refer to the CFR for complete, current federal requirements.
Current Version: (2012)
Archive Standards: (2006) (2001) (1997) (1995)

H-40 Anchoring, Mooring, and Lifting

PURPOSE:
This standard is a guide for the design, construction, selection, and installation of fittings and equipment for anchoring, mooring, docking, lifting, towing and trailering of boats.

NOTE: The operator is responsible for equipping the boat with ground tackle, mooring and docking lines appropriate to the boat's intended use and area of operation.

SCOPE:
This standard applies to fittings and equipment that are attached to, or carried on boats for anchoring, mooring, docking, lifting, towing and trailering of all boats.

NOTE: This standard does not address loads that may be encountered on grounded or swamped boats.

Current Version: (2008)
Archive Standards: (2003) (1996)

H-41 Reboarding Means, Ladders, Handholds, Rails and Lifelines

PURPOSE:
This standard is a guide for the design, construction, and installation of reboarding means, ladders, handhold devices, grab rails, rails, lifelines, and slip resistant surfaces.

SCOPE:
This standard applies to all boats.

EXCEPTIONS:
  1. Manually propelled boats
  2. Aquatic toys
  3. Canoes, kayaks, or other boats with a beam less than 3.6 ft (1.1m).
Current Version: (2009)
Archive Standards: (2006) (1998)

P-1 Installation of Exhaust Systems for Propulsion and Auxiliary Engines

PURPOSE:
This standard is a guide for the design, installation, and selection of materials for exhaust systems for marine engines.

NOTE: Some jurisdictions require noise abatement compliance. Exhaust system design should comply with the noise level limits.

SCOPE:
This standard applies to the exhaust systems of all boats equipped with inboard or sterndrive engines, or permanently installed auxiliary engines, from the exhaust outlet of the engine or the turbocharger, if used, through the terminus where the exhaust gases are discharged.

EXCEPTIONS:
  1. Engine mounted components covered by ABYC P-4 Marine Inboard Engines and Transmissions (e.g. exhaust risers, mixing elbows).
  2. Engine systems that include all exhaust components through the terminus where the exhaust gases are discharged.
Current Version: (2009)
Archive Standards: (2002) (1999) (1993) (1986) (1976) 1970, 1962, 1955

P-4 Marine Inboard Engines and Transmissions

PURPOSE:
This standard is a guide for the design, selection of materials, construction, and installation, of inboard engines and transmissions.

SCOPE:
This standard applies to all inboard engines and transmissions used for propulsion and auxiliary equipment.

Current Version: (2012)
Archive Standards: (2004) (2001) (1996) (1989) (1974) (1972) 1970

P-6 Propeller Shafting Systems

PURPOSE:
This standard is a guide for the design, construction and materials for propeller shafts and struts, and the installation of shaft bearings, stern bearings, struts, shaft seals, shaft logs, shaft couplings, and propellers.

SCOPE:
This standard applies to all boats driven by propeller shafting systems that penetrate the hull.

NOTE: This standard incorporates those dimensional standards of the Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE) that apply to propeller shaft couplings and ends used on propeller shafts that penetrate the hull.

Current Version: (2010)
Archive Standards: (2002) (1992) (1977) (1973) 1970, 1968, 1967, 1966, 1964, 1963

P-14 Mechanical Propulsion Control Systems

PURPOSE:
This standard is a guide for the design, construction, testing, and installation of systems for mechanical remote control of the forward and reverse thrust, speed, and trim/tilt of propulsion machinery on boats.

SCOPE:
This standard applies to mechanical remote control systems for boat propulsion machinery and its trim/tilt adjustment mechanisms.

EXCEPTIONS:
  1. Personal watercraft
  2. Jet boats
  3. Hull mounted trim plane systems
  4. Bow and/or Stern thruster systems
NOTES:
  1. For electronic propulsion controls see ABYC P-24 Electric/Electronic Propulsion Control Systems.
  2. For Jet Boats See ABYC P-23, Steering and Propulsion Controls for Jet Boats.
Current Version: (2010)
Archive Standards: (2008) (1996) (1981) (1970)

P-17 Mechanical Steering Systems

Purpose:
This standard is a guide for the design and construction of remote mechanical cable steering systems and the major components thereof, covering design, construction, and installation of steering systems for outboard, inboard, sterndrive and water jet drive boats.

SCOPE:
This standard applies to engine-mounted and boat-mounted remote mechanical cable steering systems used with single and twin engine installations of outboard engines over 20 horsepower per engine (15 kW), inboard, sterndrive and water jet drives.

NOTE: Mechanical components of power assisted steering systems are covered by this standard.

EXCEPTIONS:
  1. Cable over independently mounted pulley steering systems covered by ABYC P-18, Cable Over Pulley Steering Systems for Outboard Engines.
  2. Personal Watercraft
  3. Jet Boats that comply with ABYC P-23, Steering and Controls for Jet Boats.
  4. Bow and/or Stern thrusters
Current Version: (2013)
Archive Standards: (2008) (2001) (1994) (1989) (1983) (1974)

P-18 Cable Over Pulley Steering Systems For Outboard Engines

PURPOSE:
This standard is a guide for the design and installation of cable over pulley steering systems.

SCOPE:
This standard applies to cable over pulley steering systems, and the major components thereof, between the helm and their connection to outboard engines up to, and including, 50 total horsepower (37 kW).

Current Version: 2013
Archive Standards: (2008) (2003) (1999) (1991) (1983)

P-21 Manual Hydraulic Steering Systems

PURPOSE:
This standard is a guide for the design, construction, and installation for remote manual hydraulic steering systems, and their major components.

SCOPE:
This standard applies to engine mounted and boat mounted remote manual hydraulic steering systems used with single and twin engine installations of outboard engines over 20 horsepower (14.9 kW) per outboard engine, inboard, sterndrive, and water jet drives.

EXCEPTION: Devices covered under ABYC H-30, Hydraulic Systems.

NOTE: In all steering systems, the hydraulic portions of the system must comply with relevant sections of this standard.

Current Version: (2012)
Archive Standards: (2003) (1999)

P-22 Steering Wheels

PURPOSE:
This standard is a guide for the design, construction, and installation of steering wheels for marine applications.

SCOPE:
This standard applies to steering wheels up to and including 24 inches (61 cm) in diameter used with outboard engines, inboards, sterndrives, and water jet drives.

Current Version: (2013)
Archive Standards: (2008) (2001) (1994)

P-23 Steering and Propulsion Controls For Jet Boats

PURPOSE:
This standard is a guide for the design and construction of systems for mechanical steering and mechanical control of propulsion machinery for inboard water- jet propelled boats.

SCOPE:
This standard applies to the control of propulsion machinery including control of the forward/reverse thrust, speed, trim, and steering from the input at the helm through the point of connection on the steering nozzle for all inboard jet boats.

EXCEPTION: Personal Watercraft

Current Version: (2012)
Archive Standards: (2001) (1995)

P-24 Electric/Electronic Propulsion Control Systems

PURPOSE:
This standard is a guide for the design, construction, testing, and installation of systems for electric/electronic remote control of forward and reverse thrust, speed, and trim/tilt of propulsion machinery on boats.

SCOPE:
This standard applies to wired electric/electronic remote control systems for propulsion machinery on boats, and to the marking and orientation of the trim/tilt adjustment mechanisms.

EXCEPTIONS:
  1. Electrical on/ off switches addressed by P-14, Mechanical Propulsion Control Systems.
  2. Electric propulsion motors that produce less than 115 pounds (512 Newtons) thrust.
  3. Hull mounted trim plane systems.
  4. Bow and/or Stern thruster systems.
  5. Personal Water Craft
NOTES: There is no ABYC standard for wireless control systems.


Current Version: (2013)
Archive Standards: (2007/ Corrected 2010) (1997)

P-27 Electric/Electronic Steering Control Systems

PURPOSE:
This standard is a guide for the design, construction, testing, and installation of systems for electric/electronic steering on boats.

SCOPE:
This standard applies to wired electric/electronic steering equipment and to the marking and orientation of the mechanisms.

EXCEPTIONS:
  1. Personal Watercraft
  2. Bow and/or Stern thruster systems
NOTES:
  1. There is no ABYC standard for wireless steering systems.
  2. This standard does not address auto pilots.
Current Version: (2013)
Archive Standards: (2007)

S-7 Boat Capacity Labels

PURPOSE:
This industry conformity standard establishes methods for the display of capacity information on boats.

SCOPE:
This industry conformity standard applies to boats less than 26 ft. (8.0 m) in length.

NOTE: The U.S. Coast Guard has promulgated Federal Regulations, Title 33 CFR Part 183 Subpart B, 33 CFR Part 183 Subpart C, and 33 CFR Part 183 Subpart D, applicable to monohull boats less than 20 ft. in length, except sailboats, canoes, kayaks and inflatable boats.

Current Version: (2010)
Archive Standards: (2002) (2001) (1993 Re-Affirmed) (1987) (1983)

S-8 Boat Measurement and Weight

PURPOSE:
This industry conformity standard is intended as a guide to establish uniformity in describing boat dimensions and weight specifications.

SCOPE:
This industry conformity standard applies to all boats.

Current Version: (2010)
Archive Standards: (2002) (1989) (1971)

S-12 Transom/Motor Well Dimensions

PURPOSE:
This industry conformity standard is a guide for the design of the outboard engine and the boat engine well dimensions to provide adequate means for mounting and suitable clearances.

SCOPE:
This industry conformity standard applies to all boats with outboard engines designed for transom mounting without transom brackets.

Current Version: (2002)
Archive Standards: (1996) (1984) (1976) (1974) 1971

S-30 Outboard Engine and Related Equipment Weights

PURPOSE:
This industry conformity standard is a guide for outboard engine and related equipment weights for use in determining vessel capacity and flotation.

SCOPE:
This industry conformity standard applies to all outboard powered boats less than 26 ft. (7.9 m) in length.

NOTES:
  1. This document is intended to serve as a single source for engine and related equipment weights to be used where applicable in ABYC standards and when referenced by other sources. This document will facilitate the adjustment of the weights reflected in the table as engine technology changes.
  2. The weights contained in this document are higher than those listed in Title 33 CFR Part 183 and have been determined as a result of a review of existing outboard engine and related equipment weights. The weights reflected in the CFR are based on weights of engines manufactured in the 1970’s. As engine technology has evolved weights have increased for the same given horsepower. Title 33 CFR Part 183 may eventually reference this document as the required weight table for engine weights used in flotation testing.
Current Version: (2012)
Archive Standards: (2005) (2002)

S-31 Environmental Considerations for Electric/Electronic components Installed Onboard Boats

PURPOSE:
This document is intended for the qualification of electronic systems and electronic components for use onboard boats.

SCOPE:
This document, or any specific section thereof, applies when referenced or specified in any ABYC standard. Applicable pass/fail criteria and testing levels are dictated by the referencing standard.

Current Version: (2013)

T-1 Aluminum Applications

This technical information report provides information on the use of aluminum for constructing outboard/sterndrive boats using riveted construction, outboard/sterndrive boats using welded construction, and inboard powered boats using welded construction. The report recognizes that every design and construction problem cannot be covered or foreseen. Qualified naval architects and/or marine engineers and aluminum production technical staff should be consulted before building a boat with inboard power.

Current Version: (2010)
Archive Standards: (2001) (1998) (1971 S-1) (1960 S-1)

T-5 Safety Signs and Labels

Background:
This technical information report presents a system for the design, installation, and text of signs and labels used for safety information.

INTENT:
This technical information report applies to all safety information labels used on boats, associated equipment, instructions, and manuals.

NOTE: This technical information report is not intended to require a change in any existing label that was made to comply with any existing standard. It is intended for reference in the design of new labels, revisions to existing labels, and revisions to ABYC standards.

EXCEPTION: Labels required by law or government regulation.

NOTE: The words "sign" and "label" are used interchangeably within this report.


Current Version: (2002)
Archive Standards: (1996) (1990)

T-17 Compass Installation

SCOPE:
This technical information report is intended as a guide for the placement and adjustment of compasses on wood and fiberglass boats. Steel hulls may present problems that require special skills for installation and compensation. Iron and steel boats are subject to changes in deviation when encountering major changes in latitude when cruising.

Current Version: (2013)
Archive Standards: (2000) (1998) (1987 S-17) (1970 S-17)

T-19 Fabrication Equipment, Procedures, and Materials Quality Control

PURPOSE:
This Technical Information Report presents guidelines for equipment, procedures, and inspection and testing of materials used in the fabrication of FRP laminates.

SCOPE:
This Technical Information Report applies to the fabrication of FRP hulls and component parts including:
  1. selection and use of equipment,
  2. recommendations and considerations concerning fabrication procedures, and
  3. inspection and testing of constituent materials.
Current Version: (1990)
Archive Standards:

T-24 Owner's Manuals

BACKGROUND:
This technical information report includes elements to consider in the development of owner/operator’s manuals for boats. The intent is that owner/operator’s manuals give sufficient information regarding the owner/operator’s responsibility, and proper operation and maintenance of the boat. Further, the intent is that the development of owner/operator’s manuals be done with careful consideration of all elements relating to the specific boat model to which the manual applies. This report provides a guideline for writing owner/operator’s manuals. This guideline does not require that each and every item listed in this report be in the manual. The writer of an owner/operator’s manual should consider each of the points raised in this document and include in the manual for a given boat only those items which are pertinent to that vessel.

INTENT:
This technical information report applies to all recreational boats.

Current Version: (2002)
Archive Standards: (1992)

TE-4 Lightning Protection

BACKGROUND:
This technical information report is intended as a guide for the design, construction, and installation of lightning protection systems on boats. Its primary objective is to decrease the risk to personnel and the risk of fire and sinking. Additional measures may be needed to harden electrical and electronics systems against lightning damage.

The probability of a lightning strike varies with geographic location and the time of the year. When the conditions that create an electrical charge between clouds and the earth exist, there is nothing that can be done to prevent the lightning discharge. A boat can be struck in open water or while tied to the dock.

INTENT:
This technical information report applies to powerboats and sailboats if a lightning protection system is installed.

Complete protection from equipment damage or personal injury is not implied.

A lightning protection system offers no protection when the boat is out of water, and is not intended to afford protection if any part of the boat comes in contact with power lines while afloat or ashore.

Protection of persons and small craft from lightning is dependent on a combination of design and maintenance of equipment.. The basic guides contained in this technical information report should be considered and used in designing and installing a lightning protection system. However, in view of the wide variation in structural design of boats, and the unpredictable nature of lightning, specific recommendations cannot be made to cover all cases.

Current Version: (2006)
Archive Standards: 1996, 1985, 1970

TE-30 Electrical Propulsion Systems

BACKGROUND:
High-voltage electrical propulsion systems are becoming more common in the boating industry. System voltages over 50 VDC and 300 VAC typically may have harmful or lethal levels of electrical current. It is important to protect persons from exposure to these hazards.

ABYC E-11, AC and DC Electrical Systems on Boats, is limited to the design, construction and installation of direct current systems that operate at a potential of 50V or less and alternating current electrical systems operating at frequencies of 50 or 60 Hz and less than 300V ("extra low voltage”). Emerging technologies for system voltages and frequencies greater than those allowed by E-11 are increasing in use, especially for electrical propulsion systems. The standards used by other industries, such as automotive, and light rail have led to confusion regarding the propriety and applicability of these standards to the marine industry, especially in light of our unique environmental conditions.

This Technical Information Report is a compilation of the key safety requirements of commonly used national and international standards related to voltages and frequencies in excess of those covered by E-11, as well as recommendations for the design, construction, and installation of electrical systems and components used in high voltage electric propulsion systems.

INTENT:
This technical information report addresses AC and DC electrical systems used on boat’s alternating current (AC) systems operating at more than 300 VAC, but less than 1000 VAC, and direct current (DC) systems operating at more than 50 VDC but less than 1000 VDC, including battery banks, motors, and controllers for the purpose of propulsion.

Current Version: (2009)
Archive Standards:

TH-22 Educational Information About Carbon Monoxide

BACKGROUND:
This technical information report provides educational material about carbon monoxide relative to boats and boating.

Carbon monoxide can accumulate in interior spaces and exterior areas. Carbon monoxide accumulation is affected by a multitude of variables (e.g., boat geometry, hatch, window and door openings, ventilation openings, proximity to other structures, swim platforms, canvas enclosures, location of exhaust outlets, vessel attitude, wind direction, boat speed, boat system performance and maintenance, etc.)

This technical information report discusses many of these variables and enables the reader to better understand some of the more predictable effects. However, this report is limited in that it cannot cover all conceivable variables, and the reader is cautioned not to rely exclusively on it to prevent the accumulation of carbon monoxide.

INTENT:
The information in this technical information report concerns all boats.

Current Version: (2012)
Archive Standards: (2008) (2002) (2000) (1992)

TH-23 Design, Construction, and Testing of Boats in Consideration of Carbon Monoxide

BACKGROUND:
This technical information report is intended as a guide for design, construction, and testing criteria to identify and minimize the presence of carbon monoxide (CO) on boats.

Boat builders following these guidelines will generally be testing new boats, equipped with new exhaust systems and new engines. The boat builder is testing the boat at a given altitude and a specific set of atmospheric conditions. The results of these tests may not be repeatable under different conditions. It is not practical to test each of the infinite number of factors that will affect the accumulation and dispersion of CO. Testing experience will help in selecting factors to quickly identify the common and more probable CO issues.

Carbon monoxide accumulation is affected by a multitude of variables (e.g. vessel geometry, hatch, window, and door openings, ventilation openings, proximity to other structures, swim platforms, canvas enclosures, location of the exhaust outlets, vessel attitude, wind direction, vessel speed, altitude, atmospheric conditions, etc.)

As CO can accumulate in exterior as well as interior areas, consideration should be given to the design and testing of locations on the boat where occupant activity is reasonably foreseeable.

This technical information report attempts to discuss many of these variables and enables the reader to better understand some of the more predictable effects. However, this report is limited in that it cannot cover all conceivable variables, and the reader is cautioned not to rely exclusively on it to prevent the accumulation of carbon monoxide.

INTENT:
This technical information report contains information applicable to boats using gasoline fueled engines for propulsion or auxiliary equipment.

Current Version: (2012)
Archive Standards: (2004) (2000) (1996) (1994)

TY-28 Boat Lifting and Storage

BACKGROUND:
This technical information report suggests guidelines for the hauling, launching, handling, and storage of boats on land to reduce the risk to personnel and damage to the boat or equipment. This report is limited in that it cannot cover all conceivable variables. The reader is cautioned not to depend solely on it to prevent hauling and storage accidents. There are OSHA requirements for lifting equipment contained in 29 CFR, parts 1919 - 1925.

INTENT:
This technical information report covers the use of straddle lifts and forklifts for hauling boats, and cradling guides with respect to the loads placed on the hull. It also addresses the boat manufacturer's responsibility to provide certain information on handling and storage of boats out of the water.

Current Version: (1998)
Archive Standards:

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